Social Impact Assessment is a method of assessing the impacts of a project or development interventions on people living in the neighborhoods of the project site. These projects include construction of roads & highways, railway corridors, industrial estates/industrial areas, large dams, ports & jetties, mineral extraction, airports etc. The aforesaid impact may be direct or indirect. Further, it may be positive or negative. In most cases the social impact assessment is carried out prior to onset of a project/ intervention. The purpose is to assess the probable impact of the project and take remedial actions well in advance, if the impact is negative. Social Impact Assessment of a project is also carried out when a project is in operation at least for the last two years.
The purpose is to assess the actual impact of the project and its consequences. All such impact assessment studies are prepared as per the available guidelines of indigenous intuitions and International organizations like World Bank, International Finance Commission (IFC) etc. Till recently Social Impact Assessment (SIA) was conducted as subordinate to Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) but now an integrated approach is adopted, under which equal importance is given to both Environment Impact Assessment and Social Impact Assessment.
One of the important activities of GCRDPL is conducting nation-wide Socio-economic studies on various topics concerning population, health, education, women empowerment, poverty elimination, tourism, market surveys, disability etc. Besides the above the company has been undertaking socio-economic impact assessment studies integrated with Environment Impact Assessment studies of various development projects seeking environment clearances from Central and State Environment authority.
These integrated studies are conducted based on primary and secondary data collected by experienced field personnel. Also conducted are Focus Group Discussions (FCD) to record the views and suggestions of the stake holders.